But, it was a short challenging read. View 1 comment. This book is a wonderful translation and commentary on a very difficult and profound pamphlet that was written by the young Aquinas. The difficult and profound pamphlet is the well-known "Esse et Essentia", and in this pamphlet Aquinas sets out to pose solid foundations for philosophy and theology. In order to avoid error one needs to ensure that their starting point is sure. As such, Aquinas sets out to explain what is meant by the words "Being" and "essence", how they are found in diverse thin This book is a wonderful translation and commentary on a very difficult and profound pamphlet that was written by the young Aquinas.
As such, Aquinas sets out to explain what is meant by the words "Being" and "essence", how they are found in diverse things, and how they are related to the logical intentions. Joseph Bobik gives an indepth analysis and commentary on Aquinas's treatise, which is, essentially, one of the best textbooks that a professor could use for an advanced course in Thomistic Metaphysics.
Nov 28, David Haines rated it it was amazing. I have read through this book numerous times, and each time I am impressed by Aquinas's clear treatment of this subject. It is a difficult subject, and reading this book requires much concentration, but the person who perseveres is greatly rewarded for the hard work required to understand this subject. Shelves: philosophy. Being were I am, I am supposed to be more in love than Thomas than what I am.
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On the matter, I'm either too ignorant to be enlightened or too enlightened to be ignorant, but either way I'm too ignorant to know which. Bobik's translation is very readable, though it does not include the original Latin for quick comparison. His commentary is illuminating as it includes exposition of the text as well as detailed articles on Aquinas metaphysical views. Jul 22, Bogdan Liviu rated it liked it. Go directly to number 5. This is a very short and inadequate introduction to the thought of Thomas Aquinas.
Besides this introduction lacking depth, it is also a fact that Aquinas' thought isn't that impressive at all, with it's subjective metaphysical deduction. May 14, S rated it really liked it Shelves: ontology , medieval-or-equitemporal , religion-theology , in-translation , aquinas-and-thomism. Basically three-quarters Aristotle and what Averroes thought of him, which was expected, but gets kind of fun with Aquinas playing around with his genus-less, species-less God whose existence is His own quiddity, let's remember, but that doesn't deny Him an essence!
Aquinas wrote this when he was It is a serious and difficult book, but worth the fight. May 04, Emerson John Tiu Ng rated it it was amazing. I'm going to understand it much more by revisiting some philosophical notions, but it's Saint Thomas Aquinas we are talking about, and clarity was one of his features. Dec 18, Joe rated it it was amazing. What else would you want to read about? Apr 22, John rated it really liked it.
On being and essence
I don't know how to rate books like these, I mean, it was true, I would have liked more concrete examples of the abstractions, but Thomas Aquinas is still the man, yeah? In this short yet perceptive treatise Thomas Aquinas examines the difference between three critically important and often misused metaphysical terms: esse , essentia , and ens. In this distinction, he foreshadows the deconstructionist metaphysics of twentieth century existentialist and postmodern thinkers, defines key metaphysical concepts, and alludes to a possible proof for the existence of God not employed in the Summa.
For starters, the distinctions between esse , essentia , and ens can be captu In this short yet perceptive treatise Thomas Aquinas examines the difference between three critically important and often misused metaphysical terms: esse , essentia , and ens. For starters, the distinctions between esse , essentia , and ens can be captured as follows: a human person is an ens , she participates in the essentia that is humanity, and humanity is the subject of esse that renders her a human ens ; in other words, she is known to be via esse and to be a human via her essentia , i. For Aquinas, God is the only ens whose essentia is identical with its existence; that is, in God, esse is his essence—there is no distinction between them.
God does not possess esse yet is esse itself, for one cannot conceive of the essence of God and not at the same time conceptualize the existence of God, whereas one can conceive of the essence of humanity while at the same time not conceptualize the existence of actual humans. Nevertheless, the notion that God is esse —an Aristotelian postulation conspicuously not found in the Scriptures—is a fundamental one that would dictate the terms of disputes over theism and atheism for centuries to come. Even now, for most theists unfamiliar with metaphysics or the Death of God, the idea that God is esse is foundational and mostly unquestioned.
In Book IV, there is a notable discussion of the essence of immaterial substances that some scholars have pointed to as a proof for the existence of God. In his helpful introduction, Armand Maurer calls attention to the issues with such an interpretation, as Aquinas conspicuously omits such a proof from his five proofs for the existence of God in the Summa. The distinction between essence and existence, therefore, cannot be the initial point of the proof of the existence of God, even if some Thomistic commentators may read it as such.
Aquinas, perhaps, was well aware of the speculative nature of metaphysical analysis. For the Summa , I wonder if he preferred proofs that relied on assumptions in relation to observable phenomena because he felt they may be more readily accepted. In any event, it is necessary to explore what, in the first place, has induced modern readers to read this discussion in Book IV as a proof.
The proof, which Maurer nicely summarizes in his introduction, runs crudely as follows: All that exists is either identical with its existence or distinct from it consider, for example, that Socrates is not synonymous with humanity, yet the essence of Socrates is humanity; Socrates is therefore distinct from his essence. If x is distinct from its existence, it owes its existence to some other entity, say y.
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However, this soon leads to either 1 a circular analysis, which states that x owes its existence to y and y owes its existence to x , or 2 to a series, which claims that x owes its existence to y , y owes its existence to z , and so on. Therefore it will be prior to itself and the cause of its own existence, an impossibility.
Consequently we must accept the existence of a ens whose essence is inseparable from its existence, which is the cause of all esse for all other entities because it is pure esse. God is just that ens. So runs the ostensible proof. For an introduction to scholastic metaphysics and in particular the Aristotelian-inflected metaphysics of Thomas Aquinas, this text is quite appropriate. While difficult, it is not impossible to comprehend with careful attention and reflection. This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers. To view it, click here.
Jun 18, Griffin Wilson rated it really liked it Shelves: ph-medieval , rel-christianity. A short, interesting exposition on metaphysical essentialism -- something I have been thinking about lately.
It is a bit "high level" i. Although I can't say I agree it is still worthwhile.
Dec 03, Gregorius Pamungkas rated it really liked it Shelves: philosophy. Great book to argue with my own head. Apr 26, Damien Rappuhn rated it liked it Shelves: classroom-reading. Reader be warned. Need a strong understanding of the technical language of metaphysics and philosophy to get into this book. The introduction is strong, but not enough by itself.
Jan 31, John rated it really liked it Shelves: philosophy. It's a real struggle to read this kind of metaphysics that Aquinas write about in "Being and Essence" - it's so many concepts to keep track of and it feels like really hardcore philosophy. Of course, a lot goes over my head not being a professional philosopher, I kind of accept that I don't have full control of all I read , but it's also nice those times when I read slowly and actually grasp a section.
When I read Philo, it was so much on the theological track, and when I read this by Aquinas it It's a real struggle to read this kind of metaphysics that Aquinas write about in "Being and Essence" - it's so many concepts to keep track of and it feels like really hardcore philosophy. When I read Philo, it was so much on the theological track, and when I read this by Aquinas it feels almost too much on the extreme end of the philosophical track although he is much more theological elsewhere.
I would have loved it even more if Aquinas would have written little longer and in more accessible language, but that is what the introduction was for. All in all a great treatise to visit and one I would like to visit again sometimes. Alanna rated it it was ok Nov 30, Federico rated it it was amazing Sep 28, Synphtomtics rated it did not like it Jul 28, Edwin rated it it was amazing Jan 23, There are no discussion topics on this book yet.
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Thomas Aquinas. On the other hand, Joseph Owens has charged Wippel with an ontological move and claims that Wippel is arguing from some positive conceptual content, to the actuality of that content in reality. Owens argues that we cannot establish the real distinction until we have established that there is something whose essence is its existence.
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A thing cannot be the cause of its own existence, for then it would have to precede itself in existence, which is absurd. Everything then whose essence is distinct from its existence must be caused to be by another. Now, what is caused to be by another is led back to what exists in itself per se.
There must be a cause then for the existence of things, and this because it is pure existence esse tantum ; otherwise an infinite regress of causes would ensue. It is here that Owens believes that Thomas establishes the real distinction; since Thomas establishes to his own satisfaction that there exists a being whose essence is its existence. Consequently, we can contrast the existence of such a being with the existence of finite entities and observe that in the latter existence is received as from an efficient cause whereas in the former it is not.
Thus, essence and existence are really distinct. Having established at some stage that essence and existence are distinct and that there exists a being whose essence is its existence, Thomas goes on to conclude that in immaterial substances, essence is related to existence as potency to act. The latter follows insofar as what receives existence stands in potency to the existence that it receives. But all things receive existence from the being whose essence is its existence, in which case the existence that any one finite thing possesses is an act of existence that actuates a corresponding potency: the essence.
Thomas has thus shown that immaterial substances do indeed have an element of potency, but this need not be a material potency. Notice that here Thomas correlates essence and existence as potency and act only after he has concluded to the existence of a being whose essence is its existence God.