High Blood Cholesterol | National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
HDL clears from the body via the liver. HDL may therefore prevent the buildup of plaque, protect your arteries, and protect you from atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. The higher your HDL cholesterol numbers, the lower your risk is for heart disease, vascular disease, and stroke. Lastly, although primarily used to decrease high LDL, some statin medications may potentially increase HDL levels moderately.
Any medical treatment option should be discussed with your doctor. It carries cholesterol to your arteries, where it may collect in the vessel walls and contribute to plaque formation, known as atherosclerosis. This can lead to decreased blood flow to the heart muscle coronary artery disease , leg muscles peripheral artery disease , or abrupt closure of an artery in the heart or brain, leading to a heart attack or stroke.
For LDL, the lower the number the better. Obesity, a large waist circumference, a sedentary lifestyle, or a diet rich in red meat, full-fat dairy, saturated fat, trans fats, and processed foods can lead to high LDL cholesterol. Lifestyle and diet changes are the main ways to prevent or lower high LDL. A trial of eating a low-fat diet, regular aerobic activity, maintaining a healthy weight, and smaller waist circumference is an appropriate first step.
It is best to set a timeline to achieve your goals with your doctor. In some cases, if those lifestyle changes are not enough, your physician may suggest a cholesterol lowering medication, such as a statin. If you are considering over-the-counter herbal or ayurvedic medications for cholesterol, please discuss those with your physician first as well.
Rarely, very high LDL is genetic and passed down in families. This condition can lead to very high LDL levels, and heart attack or stroke at a young age in multiple generations. Those individuals may require special medical treatment for prevention and treatment of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Remember, knowledge is the first step. That will give you and your physician a starting point for lifestyle changes and medications if needed.
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In the meantime, adopt a heart-healthy lifestyle , and do it with friends and family no matter their ages. I had no idea there are so many non-medical experts until reading the above comments! We can certainly save a lot of money by not going to a medical doctor and, instead, consult with so many experts.
Cholesterol: The good and the bad
Thank you for your expertise! I bet if anyone follows your advice and has any problems; you can be sued and prosecuted for practicing medicine without a license. By the way, all stains are off patent! The last one to lose patent protection was Crestor and there are 5 generic makers on the market.
So they are not the most expenses drugs on the planet!
When we lower cholesterol by prescribing statins we risk masking the symptom while patients may or may not follow through with lifestyle changes. Indeed, there is a real risk that some people may incorrectly assume because they are on the statin, they are safe continuing to eat a poor diet and not exercising. Here are some tips on how to manage your cholesterol levels:. High cholesterol can dramatically impact your health.
Understanding the basics of cholesterol, implementing effective strategies to manage your levels, and regularly monitoring your blood pressure can help you avoid concerning health issues. Use these tips to keep your health in check and live a healthy, happy life. Your Name. Your Email.
Your Message. View Larger Image. The level of cholesterol in your body is an important indicator of your overall health. What Is Cholesterol? What Impacts Cholesterol Levels? Some of the most impactful factors include: Your food choices. Foods high in saturated fat and cholesterol are those that are derived from animals, such as meats, whole milk, egg yolks, butter, and cheese.
Trans fat is found in fried and packaged foods, such as chips, crackers, and cookies.
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- HDL (Good), LDL (Bad) Cholesterol and Triglycerides.
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Your weight. Being overweight may increase your triglycerides and decrease HDL. Your activity level. Your gender and age.
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In men, cholesterol typically levels off after age However, in women, it remains relatively low until menopause and then rises to roughly the same level as men. Certain diseases. These diseases include kidney disease, hypothyroidism, and certain types of liver disease.
Your family history. If your family has the condition, it is likely that you will develop it as well. Here are some tips on how to manage your cholesterol levels: Eat more heart-healthy foods. To begin, choose healthier fats, found in leaner meats, low-fat dairy, and monounsaturated fats. Also, avoid trans fat, such as those found in cookies, crackers, and snack cakes.
Increase your intake of omega-3 fatty acids. Certain types of fish, nuts, and flax are high in omega-3 fats.
Understanding Cholesterol Numbers
Increase soluble fiber. You can increase your soluble fiber intake by eating oats, fruits, beans, lentils, and vegetables.
Exercise more. Try to incorporate at least 30 minutes of exercise a day.